Land record is a generic term which is used to refer to a number of records. These include Records of Rights (RoRs), register of the lands, crop inspection register, tenancy, mutation register, disputed case register, and so on. Land record also includes certain geological information in regard to the land such as the shape and size of the land, type of soil on the land. It can also include the economic information in relation to the irrigation and crops.

Listed below are the different types of lands for sale in India:

  • Residential Land: Residential land, as the name suggests, is a plot of empty land which is used for housing purpose after dividing the same into different sections. In general, this type of land is used for individual housing.
  • Industrial Land: Industrial land is a piece of land which is used for setting up industries. These pieces of lands are usually bigger in size and are located in the outskirt areas, away from the residential localities.
  • Commercial Land: Commercial land is meant for commercial purposes such as space for offices, warehouses, showrooms, shops and retail outlets, and so on. These areas are usually closer to the locality.
  • Agricultural Land: In India, more than 50% of the total land mass is agricultural land. As the Indian economy is significantly dependent on agriculture, there are a number of agricultural land spaces across the country. These pieces of land usually lie in the less developed belts.

State wise Land Record e-Service Portals

StateOfficial Portal
Andhra Pradesh Land Record
Arunachal Pradesh Land Record
Assam Land Record
Bihar Land Record
Chhattisgarh Land Record
Goa Land Record
Gujarat Land Record
Haryana Land Record
Himachal Pradesh Land Record
Jammu and Kashmir Land Record
Jharkhand Land Record
Karnataka Land Record
Kerala Land Record
Madhya Pradesh Land Record
Maharashtra Land Record
Manipur Land Record
Meghalaya Land Record
Mizoram Land Record
Nagaland Land Record
Odisha Land Record
Punjab Land Record
Rajasthan Land Record
Sikkim Land Record
Tamil Nadu Land Record
Telangana Land Record
Tripura Land Record
Uttar Pradesh Land Record
Uttarakhand Land Record
West Bengal Land Record

Land Registration Process

All the 29 states in India offer the services of registering a property online. However, it should be kept in mind that only a few parts of the registration process can be completed online. The necessary steps for the online registration process of a land in India are mentioned below:

Step 1: Determine the circle rate of the area in which your property lies. The circle rate might differ on the basis of the type of the property.

Step 2: Calculate the registration fees and the stamp duty of the property.

Step 3: Make the online payment for the registration fees and the stamp duty of the property.

Step 4: Take an appointment with the sub-registrar’s office under whose jurisdiction the property lies.

Step 5: Before submitting the property documents for the registration process, the buyer, seller, and two witnesses have to provide their signatures.

Step 6: Visit the sub-registrar’s office on the given date of appointment and submit the property documents for the final registration purpose.

Note: Register your active mobile phone number for the online registration process. This is necessary as you will be required to identify and validate your login and submissions using the OTPs which are sent to your number.

List of Documents Required for Land Registration

The land registration process can be divided into two broad parts – the online and the offline registration.

For the online registration process, you will not be required to upload any documents. However, you will be required to purchase e-stamp papers and make online payments for the registration fee and the stamp duty. In addition to that, you will be required to provide some information which are listed below:

  • Description of the property including the area, pin code, and so on.
  • Type of the property – industrial, residential, commercial, and so on.
  • The mode of ownership of the land – purchase, lease, gift, and so on.
  • The personal details of the owner – name, occupation, age, and so on.
  • Document of proof of the property – power of attorney and/or title deed.

The documents that you will be required to submit physically at the office of the registrar are listed below:

  • Non-judicial stamp – has to be duly prepared and has to be of the value of the deal.
  • Two passport sized photographs on each copies of documents of the buyer and the seller.
  • The e-stamp paper along with the value of the stamp duty.
  • Copy of PAN card.
  • The receipt of the e-registration fee along with undertaking.
  • The original ID proof of all the parties – buyer, seller, and the witnesses.
  • Optional – Receipt of TDS of the property in case the value is more than Rs.50 lakh.
  • Optional – Documented history of ownership of the property in case it is a house property.


    1. What is RTC?

RTC stands for Record of Rights, Tenancy, and Crop Information. This is exclusive to the state of Karnataka only. It is also termed as Pahani and provides a land record of a property which shows the details in regard to the ownership of the land, rate of water, area of the land, nature of possession of the land, tenancy, assessment, liabilities, and so on.

    1. What is Mutation of Property?

Mutation of property is the process of changing or transferring the title of a land in the records of the concerned municipal body under which the property falls. Through the process of mutation, the title entry is transferred or changed in the revenue records of the local authority.

    1. What is Survey or Tippani?

A Tippani or a Survey is basically as document which provides the short description of a particular survey number. It contains the measurements of the land along with a sketch of the property. It is issued by the survey department.

    1. What is Encumbrance Certificate?

An Encumbrance Certificate is a clearance document in relation to a property. This certificate is a document of assurance which shows that the property which is being dealt with is free from all legal and monetary liabilities. It shows whether there is any monetary liability on the property such as any uncleared loan or mortgage.

    1. What is Akarband?

The Akarband is a document which helps determine the survey number of a property and the particular party to whom the number was allotted to at the first place. It also contains the details pertaining to the land revenue assessment details. This document is issued by the survey department.

    1. What is Record of Rights?

A Record of Rights is a land record which contains all types of rights and liabilities registered in respect to the piece of land which is registered.

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