Section 194P- Exemption from ITR filing for senior citizen

What is section 194P

Section 194P was introduced in Budget 2021 to provide conditional relief to the senior citizen above the age of 75 years from filing the Income-tax return.
Section 139 of the Income Tax Act governs the filing of income tax returns by every individual with income above the basic exemption limit. However, Union Budget 2021 in order to provide relief in terms of compliance burden for filing returns, exempted senior citizens above 75 years of age from filing the income tax return, subject to the following conditions:

  1. Senior citizens should be of age 75 years or above. 
  2. Senior citizens should be ‘ Resident’ in the previous year. 
  3. He has pension income and interest income only. Interest income accrued/ earned from the same specified bank in which he is receiving his pension.
  4. The senior citizen will submit a declaration containing some details (mentioned below) to the specified bank.
  5. The bank is a ‘specified bank’ as notified by the Central Government. Such banks will be responsible for the TDS deduction of senior citizens after considering the deductions under Chapter VI-A and rebate under 87A. 

Once the specified bank, as mentioned above, deducts tax for senior citizens above 75 years of age, there will be no requirement to furnish income tax return by senior citizens.

The declaration should contain the below-mentioned details :

  • Total income of the senior citizen
  • Deductions availed under section 80C to 80U
  • rebate available under section 87A
  • Confirmation from the senior citizen of having only pension and interest income

Benefits to the senior citizen under 194P

Once the specified bank as mentioned above deducts TDS under section 194P, the provisions of section 139 (return filing) will not apply to senior citizen aged 75 years and above. This means that if the specified bank deducts TDS under this section, then the senior citizen need not file their ITR.

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