If you want to acquire a property in India, you need to know the land survey number to avoid legal complications. Due to its cheaper upkeep, better resale value, varied uses, and lower investment cost compared to built structures, land has long been a popular investment option for Indian real estate purchasers. However, risk and reward are inextricably linked, and land is no exception. Because of the large numbers of fraudulent operations in this industry, it is critical to grasp the importance of survey numbers.
What is a land survey number?
Local governments or revenue officers issue a unique number to each portion of land in their city as a part of their record-keeping for tax purposes. The number serves as the land’s identification and is known as a land survey number. The use of land survey number is by real estate investors to gain access to property data such as the land shape, area, location, neighbourhood, and ownership rights.
The data is assimilated by tax officials in each state after a comprehensive investigation of the land site, and the competent government provides the land survey number. In Maharashtra, for instance, the land survey number is assigned by the Superintendent of Land Records and the Taluka Inspector of Land Records.
How may a buyer benefit from a land survey number?
When registering a property, the land survey number is one of the information that must be provided in the form. However, this is only one example of how this number may be used.
More significantly, the land survey number aids a potential buyer in inspecting and comprehending the specifics of the land he/she wishes to purchase. This number can be used by the buyer to obtain information such as:
• What kind of land is it, exactly?
• What is its location?
• What is the total number of persons who own it?
• Is it a piece of agricultural land?
• What are its boundaries?
• What additional plots exist in the vicinity of this one, and who owns them?
By receiving answers to these questions, the purchaser may be able to avoid any future difficulties with the transaction.
An example will help you understand this better. Let’s say you come across a seller who owns a piece of agricultural land on the outskirts of the city. Because non-farmers are unable to own agricultural property in India, it is necessary to modify the land use in order for a non-farmer to acquire this land. If the seller has hidden that essential information from you, you may find yourself in a lot of difficulty down the road. You can find out what sort of land it is by looking up the land survey number online and acting appropriately.
The same may be said for land ownership. Numerous individuals co-own land that is passed down through generations, and the permission of each of them is required for the transaction to be legally valid. An individual seller would have no chance of deceiving you if you have acquired information on all of the co-owners by reviewing the land records.
Consider the following factors before making a property purchase:
• Check the original documents for authenticity.
• Verify the authorized building plans in the case of an existing structure.
• Obtain a certificate of encumbrance from the registrar.
What is the procedure for obtaining the land survey number?
The number of the land survey is stated on the sale deed. You may discover the land survey number by going to the official website of the state where the property is located. For example, the official website for the state of Andhra Pradesh is https://meebhoomi.ap.gov.in; for Haryana, it is https://jamabandi.nic.in, and so forth. If this fails to work, you can go to the municipality’s office and meet the authorities to get the information you need about the land survey number. Certain governments have created a number of smartphone apps to make land information more accessible. For instance, in the state of Karnataka, the Dishank app may be used to collect land-related data.
What method may be used to verify the land survey number?
Cross-checking the land survey number on the sale deed with what’s mentioned on the property tax bill is a good way to make sure. If there is a mistake, you must notify the local authorities and get it corrected.
With the advent of technology, virtually all Indian states now make land information, including survey numbers, available online. The revenue departments of the states are responsible for maintaining these websites. On these websites, one may quickly access data on the land survey number by following a simple procedure.
Word of caution for buyers
The responsibility to ensure that the land parcel you are buying has the right survey number, lies on you. For this, verify the land survey number and if need be, visit the municipal office or the land revenue department office. Make sure that the numbers mentioned on the sale deed match up with the one mentioned in the assessment order passed by the municipal body, tax receipts, etc.
In case there is any mismatch between the number that the seller had provided you and the actual land survey found on the state website, the owner will have to get the corrections done though a rectification deed.
Another important thing to remember about plot purchases, is the fact that such transactions do not fall under the purview of the real estate law, unless you are buying a plot in a developer’s plot-based project. This makes it extremely important to be careful and extract all the information about the land parcel, with the help of the land survey number.
Who is responsible for assigning land survey numbers?
Land survey numbers are generally assigned by the revenue authorities in each state.
How can I get my land survey number in Tamilnadu?
You can get the land survey number in Tamil Nadu by visiting the site http://eservices.tn.gov.in
What is survey number?
Land survey number is a unique number that is assigned to a particular piece of land. Using this number, one can obtain information pertaining to the size of the land, its location, ownership, etc.